Skip to main content

Welcome to the new ICANN.org! Learn more, and send us your feedback. Dismiss

Resources

2001 Correspondence

Correspondence Affiliation Date Issue
Letter from Donald L. Evans to Vint Cerf U.S. Department of Commerce 19 October 2001
Letter from Louis Touton to Christine A. Russo VeriSign 27 August 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Message from Stuart Lynn to Michael Palage DNSO Registrars Constituency 27 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Rita A. Rodin to Louis Touton Global Name Registry 26 July 2001
Letter from Roger Cochetti to Louis Touton VeriSign 26 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Ross Wm. Rader to Stuart Lynn Tucows Inc. 25 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Jeffrey A. LeVee to Daniel Scott Schecter New.net 23 July 2001
Letter from William Walsh to Stuart Lynn William X. Walsh and Others 20 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Michael Palage to Stuart Lynn DNSO Registrars Constituency 16 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Daniel Scott Schecter to ICANN Board New.net 16 July 2001
Letter from Roger Cochetti to Stuart Lynn VeriSign 16 July 2001 Transfers of registrar sponsorship of registrations
Letter from Donald L. Evans to Vint Cerf U.S. Department of Commerce 25 May 2001
Letter from Louis Touton to Bank for International Settlements Bank for International Settlements 21 May 2001
Letter from Louis Touton to Howard Berman U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary 1 May 2001
Letter from Aldon Abbott to Stuart Lynn U.S. Department of Commerce 24 April 2001 schedule for review of proposed revisions to VeriSign agreements
Letter from Stuart Lynn to Karen Rose U.S. Department of Commerce 16 April 2001 Proposed Revisions to VeriSign Agreements
Response from Stratton Sclavos to Stuart Lynn VeriSign 1 April 2001 Proposed revisions to ICANN/VeriSign Agreements
Reply from Stuart Lynn to Stratton Sclavos VeriSign 1 April 2001 Proposed revisions to ICANN/VeriSign Agreements
Letter from Michael A. Jacobs to ICANN Verio Inc. 30 March 2001 On Proposed Unsponsored TLD and Revised VeriSign Registry Agreements
Letter from Bank for International Settlements to Michael M. Roberts Bank for International Settlements 22 March 2001
Testimony of Louis Touton to Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary 22 March 2001
Testimony of Michael Roberts to Subcommittee on Communications U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation 14 February 2001
Testimony of Vint Cerf to Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce 8 February 2001

 

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."