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Resources

1999 Board Meetings

 

9 December 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

4 November 1999
First Annual Meeting of the Board (Los Angeles)

Planning Details Preliminary Report Minutes

29 October 1999
Action Without Meeting by Unanimous Consent

Resolutions

24 October 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

18 October 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

27 September 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

9 September 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

26 August 1999
Regular Meeting of the Board (Santiago)

Planning Details Preliminary Report and Resolutions Minutes

12 August 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

26 July 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

16 July 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

23 June 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

27 May 1999
Regular Meeting of the Board (Berlin)

Planning Details Preliminary Report Minutes

31 March 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

4 March 1999
Regular Meeting of the Board (Singapore)

Planning Details Preliminary Report Minutes

9 February 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

17 January 1999
Special Meeting of the Board

Minutes

8 January 1999
Special Meeting of the Executive Committee

Minutes
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."