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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 5 July 2013

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

NGPC Progress on Addressing GAC Beijing Advice on New gTLDs

3 July 2013 | On 2 July 2013, the the ICANN Board New gTLD Program Committee (NGPC) had its seventh meeting to discuss the GAC Beijing advice on New gTLDs.

Last Contractual Hurdle Cleared in the Introduction of New Domain Names (Updated 5 July 2013)

3 July 2013 | ICANN's New generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) program has reached another milestone with passage of the 2013 Registry Agreement (RA).

African Union Commissioner to Address ICANN's Durban Public Meeting

2 July 2013 | Dr. Elham Ibrahim, the African Union Commissioner for Infrastructure and Energy, will address the welcoming session of ICANN47 on 15 July in Durban, South Africa.

Affirmation of Commitments Accountability and Transparency Review: Independent Expert – Request for Proposals

2 July 2013 | The Affirmation of Commitments (AOC) signed by ICANN establishes ongoing reviews of ICANN's Accountability and Transparency –

Draft Final Report ccNSO Study Group on the Use of Country and Territory Names as TLDs

2 July 2013 | The treatment of country and territory names as Top Level Domains is a topic that has been discussed by the ccNSO, GAC, GNSO, ALAC and the ICANN Board for a number of years.

Upcoming Events

14 - 18 July 2013: 47th International Public ICANN Meeting - Durban


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Strategic Plan, 2012 - 2015

Adopted FY13 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."