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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 25 September 2009

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Public Comment: Recommended GNSO Council Operating Procedures Available for Review And Comment

25 September 2009 | The newly-restructured GNSO Council is scheduled to be seated during the upcoming ICANN meeting in Seoul, South Korea. Today, a package of recommended Operating Procedures for the new Council is being made available for public review and comment through 16 October 2009.

Update on Termination of Red Registrar

25 September 2009 | This is an update to the advisory posted on 15 September 2009 regarding the termination of ICANN's accreditation agreement with registrar Red Register, Inc. To protect registrants, ICANN initiated a process to identify a qualified and accredited registrar to take over management of the domain names formerly managed by Red Register, Inc. through a bulk transfer.

Ombudsman Releases 2009 Report

24 September 2009 | ICANN's Ombudsman has released his 2009 report, summarizing the previous 12 months of dispute resolution efforts that he oversees in his role as an independent officer of the organization.

Bulk Transfer of Simply Named Domains to Dinahosting

23 September 2009 | As a result of the de-accreditation of registrar Simply Named Inc., ICANN initiated a process to identify a gaining registrar to receive Simply Named's gTLD names. Through the procedure, ICANN selected Dinahosting S.L. to receive the bulk transfer from Simply Named.

Upcoming Events

25 - 30 October 2009: 36th International Public ICANN Meeting - Seoul, South Korea

7 - 12 March 2010: 37th International Public ICANN Meeting - Nairobi, Kenya


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Adopted FY10 Operating Plan and Budget [PDF, 1.47 MB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."