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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 30 November 2007

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Global Policy Proposal for Remaining IPv4 Address Space – Background Report

29 November 2007 | At its meeting on 20 November 2007, the Board resolved to request tracking of the development of a global policy proposal for allocation of remaining IPv4 address space, currently being discussed in the Regional Internet Registries, or RIRs.

Global Policy Proposal for Autonomous System Numbers – Background Report

29 November 2007 | At its meeting on 20 November 2007, the Board resolved to request tracking of the development of a global policy proposal for allocation of Autonomous System Numbers, or ASNs, that is already well advanced towards adoption in the Regional Internet Registries, or RIRs.

An Important Step Toward the Implementation of IDN Top-Level Domains: New Versions of IDNA Protocol Revision Proposals Posted

26 November 2007 | Revised papers of the technical standards that define the implementation of IDNs — the standards are called IDNA — were recently released via the IETF editors. These revisions are an important step toward the delegation of IDN top-level domains.

ICANN in the News

These links lead to external news stories. ICANN is not responsible for the content of these pages.

Barbados Wins Control of .bb Internet Code Thursday (Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation)

29 November 2007 | At the latest board meeting of ICANN, a resolution was passed granting .bb, the country code domain for Barbados, to the local government.

ICANN Gets Test Results on Internationalised Domains (The Register)

28 November 2007 | ICANN made a serious public relations push about its long-standing attempts to implement Internationalised Domain Names the week prior to the October ICANN meeting, and the initial public test results are in.

Heros Honour for Internets Decision Maker (Silicon Republic)

22 November 2007 | Dennis Jennings of Fourth Level Venture was recognised as Internet Hero at the Eircom Golden Spider Awards for his role in the fateful decision in 1983 that led to the internet that we know today.

ICANN Featured Individual: Karla Valente, gTLD Program Director

Karla Valente joined the gTLD Registry team in September 2007 as the gTLD Program Director. She is responsible for managing the implementation of the New gTLD Program.

She has been in the TLD industry since 1999. She has developed and managed over 160 worldwide strategic partnerships and devised strategies to Fortune 500 clients on global brand protection including domain name registrations and sunrises, local presence, trademark registrations, recoveries and UDRP.

She most recently served as Senior Product Manager/Senior Registry Relations at VeriSign. In this role, Karla was responsible for developing, deploying and managing TLD products and partnerships for the Digital Brand Management Services Group. Prior to joining VeriSign, Karla was Director of Global Service Development of 1GlobalPlace, Inc. - a firm that was subsequently acquired by VeriSign. As the international operations point-of-contact, Karla developed and managed the company's global TLD service portfolio, structured and managed all registrar operations and accreditations. She also developed the company's strategic international infrastructure and operations in over 20 countries. Additionally, she served as in-house co-counsel for international legal IP issues and supported the company's acquisition process and transition of intellectual property assets. Before working at the TLD industry, Karla has helped companies with international expansion programs, contracts and has provided cross cultural training.

Karla earned her MA in International Relations and International Public Law from the University of Amsterdam and has a Bachelor of Law (JD) from Brazil. She speaks several languages.

Upcoming Events

2 - 7 December 2007 - 70th IETF - Vancouver, Canada

3 - 6 December 2007 - ITU Telecom Europe 2007 - Sofia, Bulgaria

10 February - 15 February 2008: 31st International Public ICANN Meeting - New Delhi, India


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Operating Plan (Draft) Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008

Adopted Budget Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008 [PDF, 426 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."