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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 16 November 2007

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

ICANN Commends Successful IGF Meeting

15 November 2007 | "Just as was envisioned, the IGF has brought together the Internet community — including ICANN — to meet and discuss the most pressing Internet issues we face together," said Dr Paul Twomey, ICANN's President and CEO.

ICANN Chair Opens Doors to Participation

15 November 2007 | ICANN chairman Peter Dengate Thrush took the opportunity of the last day of the Internet G Forum (IGF) in Rio to urge everyone at the conference to get involved and participate in ICANN.

Partnership to Grow Internet Information in African Nations

14 November 2007 | Increasing awareness about Internet Governance issues and working together on the development and growth of the Internet in Africa are part of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by ICANN and the African Telecommunications Union (ATU).

Steps Taken for Multilingual Internet

13 November 2007 | ICANN, the International Telecommunication Union, and UNESCO will collaborate on global efforts to forge universal standards towards building a multilingual cyberspace.

ASAP: Internationalized Country Code Top-Level Domains

13 November 2007 | Getting country-code Top Level Domains up and running in scripts from local languages through a fast-track process was explained at an information session being held at the Internet Governance Forum Wednesday in Rio.

ICANN CEO Speaks at Opening of Internet Governance Forum

12 November 2007 | Dr Paul Twomey, President and CEO of ICANN, took part in today's opening session of the 2007 Internet Governance Forum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: "The Internet Governance Forum brings together a diverse group of individuals in the aim of sharing knowledge and experience over and about this one global interoperable Internet," Dr Twomey said.

ICANN Opens Public Comments on Revised Proposal from the Czech Arbitration Court (CAC) to Become a UDRP Provider

12 November 2007 | ICANN has received a revised proposal from the Czech Arbitration Court (CAC) to be recognized as one of the official dispute resolution providers under the UDRP.

ICANN Featured Individual: Leo Vegoda, Manager, Number Resources

Leo Vegoda is the Manager, Number Resources. In that capacity he develops and maintains working relationships with the five RIRs and their respective communities; supports policy development with analysis of technical considerations; and supports IANA operations with RIR-related technical and communications issues. Leo is currently reviewing the IANA IPv4 registry.

Leo joined ICANN in November 2006 after working for over six and half years at the RIPE NCC in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, where he ran the Registration Services department. Leo was responsible for the level of service provided to the NCC's four and half thousand members and was involved in formalizing the RIPE community's Policy Development Procedure.

Before working at the RIPE NCC, Leo worked for Demon Internet and Level (3) Communications in London, England. Leo holds a degree in Government from the University of Central England — Birmingham, England.

Upcoming Events

2 - 7 December 2007 - 70th IETF - Vancouver, Canada

3 - 6 December 2007 - ITU Telecom Europe 2007 - Sofia, Bulgaria

10 February - 15 February 2008: 31st International Public ICANN Meeting - New Delhi, India


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Operating Plan (Draft) Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008

Adopted Budget Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008 [PDF, 426 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."