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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 20 July 2007

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Updated IDN .test Evaluation Plan

19 July 2007 | ICANN updates the IDN .test Evaluation Plan based on comment to the previously posted version of the plan for the insertion of evaluation IDN TLDs in the root zone.

Independent Evaluator Seeks Public Input to Nominating Committee Review

19 July 2007 | To be considered by the review team, comments should be submitted no later than 17 September 2007 to

ICANN in the News

These links lead to external news stories. ICANN is not responsible for the content of these pages.

Web of Confusion Between Domain Names and Trademarks (The Age)

20 July 2007 | Disputes between registered trademark owners and domain name registrants are likely to grow because of misunderstandings among business owners. Business owners are not always aware of the significance, consequences and differing entitlements and protections that are attached to the confusing array of names, registrations and rights.

ICANN Featured Individual: Alexander Kulik, System Administrator

Alexander Kulik is a System Administrator at ICANN deploying, administering and supporting servers. Alexander started at ICANN as a Technical Support Engineer. He provided excellent support to ICANN staff and ICANN's many supporting organizations for over two years before accepting the System Administrator position. Alexander manages many critical ICANN IT services such as real time, continuous backup system, the financial system and the Dial UP/ Wireless/ Broadband Internet connectivity system. Over the past year, Alexander worked with the IT team to successfully deploy the VOIP telephone system, new file server, and the Blackberry Enterprise server. Prior to ICANN, Alexander worked in the operations department of the Trust Company of the West as a System Analyst. Alexander has a Bachelor of Science Degree from California State University, Northridge, majoring in Management Information Systems. His Microsoft certifications include MCP, MCDST, MCSA, and MCSE. Alexander is a member of the Golden Key International Honour Society and enjoys digital photography and chess.

Upcoming Events

22-27 July 2007 - 69th IETF - Chicago, IL, USA

26-27 July 2007 - Asian ICANN Registrar and Registry Gathering - Hong Kong, China

29 August - 7 September 2007 - APNIC 24 - New Delhi, India

29 August - 7 September 2007 - SANOG 10 - New Delhi, India

23 - 28 September 2007 - AfriNIC 7 - Durban, South Africa

17-19 October 2007 - ARIN XX - Albuquerque, NM, USA

22-26 October 2007 - RIPE 55 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

29 October - 2 November 2007: 30th International Public ICANN Meeting - Los Angeles, CA USA


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Operating Plan (Draft) Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008

Adopted Budget Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008 [PDF, 426 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."