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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 13 July 2007

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

North American At-Large Community MoU with ICANN Open for Public Comment

11 July 2007 | The North American region of At-Large has reached a consensus on the contents of a Memorandum of Understanding ("MOU") between the region and ICANN.

ccNSO-GAC Issues Report on IDN Policy Issues

9 July 2007 | At the San Juan ICANN meeting, the ccNSO and GAC joint IDN working group finalized an issues paper relating to the introduction and selection of IDN ccTLDs associated with the ISO 3166-1 two letter codes. The paper can be found here [PDF, 41 KB].

Domain Name Registration Transaction Fee Drops Again

9 July 2007 | Registrars and ICANN have negotiated a reduction in the transaction fees paid for each domain name registration. It is the second such reduction in two years, which means a drop from US$0.25 to US$0.20 cents.

ICANN Featured Individual: Daniel Halloran, Deputy General Counsel

Dan Halloran is ICANN's Deputy General Counsel. One of ICANN's longest-serving employees, having joined the organization in May 2000, Dan has previously served ICANN as a Registrar Liaison, Chief Registrar Liaison, and was the corporation's Acting Secretary before General Counsel John Jeffrey assumed that responsibility.

As Deputy General Counsel, Dan works along side John Jeffrey on all ICANN-related legal matters. Dan has particular knowledge and experience with gTLD registrar and registry matters.

Dan is a 1999 graduate of Loyola Law School and a member of the State Bar of California. He has fourteen years of legal experience including work as a private investigator, paralegal, law clerk, and litigation associate. He received paralegal certification from UCLA Extension (1994), has studied at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, and holds an AB degree from the University of Chicago (1990). Dan speaks and writes Spanish fluently, is familiar with Portuguese and has studied Mandarin Chinese.

Upcoming Events

22-27 July 2007 - 69th IETF - Chicago, IL, USA

26-27 July 2007 - Asian ICANN Registrar and Registry Gathering - Hong Kong, China

29 August - 7 September 2007 - APNIC 24 - New Delhi, India

29 August - 7 September 2007 - SANOG 10 - New Delhi, India

23 - 28 September 2007 - AfriNIC 7 - Durban, South Africa

17-19 October 2007 - ARIN XX - Albuquerque, NM, USA

22-26 October 2007 - RIPE 55 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

29 October - 2 November 2007: 30th International Public ICANN Meeting - Los Angeles, CA USA


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Operating Plan (Draft) Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008

Adopted Budget Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008 [PDF, 426 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."