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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 10 November 2006

A weekly electronic newsletter from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

RSTEP Report on Tralliance Proposal Posted for Public Comment

9 November 2006

ICANN Nominating Committee for 2006 Completes Selections

6 November 2006

ICANN in the News

Listed below are key media mentions involving ICANN over the course of the last week.

Perspective: When Elephants Make Love, The Grass Gets Trampled (CNET)

10 November 2006

Microsoft Becomes Domain Name Registrar (Techworld)

9 November 2006

Africa: The 27th International Public Meeting of ICANN (allAfrica)

7 November 2006

Fast Track for Global Net Names (Australian IT)

6 November 2006

ICANN Featured Individual: Susan P. Crawford, Board Member

Susan Crawford is Associate Professor of Law at Cardozo Law School ( in New York City, where she teaches cyberlaw and communications law. Ms. Crawford was a partner at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (Washington, D.C., now WilmerHale) until the end of 2002, when she left that firm to enter the legal academy.

Ms. Crawford writes about communications policy, digital copyright issues and Internet governance. She has also published many online essays about ICANN and maintains a website and blog at

Ms. Crawford is a Policy Fellow with the Center for Democracy & Technology (, a Fellow with the Yale Information Society Project, a member of the Board of Directors of Innovation Network (, and a member of many advisory boards. She is the founder of OneWebDay, a celebration of the Internet that takes place each September 22. Ms. Crawford, a violist, holds B.A. and J.D. degrees from Yale and lives in New York City.

Susan Crawford was selected for the ICANN Board by the Nominating Committee. Her current term, which started after the 2005 annual meeting, will end after the conclusion of ICANN's annual meeting in 2008.


During the past week, ICANN staff have provided input to the internet community at events such as:

Major Upcoming Events

13-14 November 2006: APTLD Meeting, Bangkok, Thailand

14-15 November 2006: RIPE Regional Meeting, Manama, Bahrain

27 November - 1 December 2006: AFRINIC Meeting, Mauritius

2 – 8 December 2006: ICANN Meeting, São Paulo, Brazil

ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan

July 2006 – June 2009

Operating Plan (Draft)

Fiscal Year 2006 – 07

Proposed Budget [PDF, 180 KB]

Fiscal Year 2006 – 2007

2 – 8 December 2006 — ICANN Meeting, São Paulo, Brazil

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."