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新 gTLD 计划委员会通过的决议 | 新 gTLD 计划委员会会议

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本文档已翻译为多种语言,仅供参考之用。原始官方版本(英文版)可在以下位置找到:http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/documents/resolutions-new-gtld-01feb13-en.htm

 

  1. 认可议程:
    1. 批准 2013 年 1 月 10 日新 gTLD 计划委员会会议记录
  2. 主要议程:
    1. 处理 GAC 关于执行申请人承诺的建议的更新
      1. 第 2013.02.01.NG02 号决议的理由

 

  1. 认可议程:

    1. 批准 2013 年 1 月 10 日新 gTLD 计划委员会会议记录

      第 2013.02.01.NG01 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会批准 2013 年 1 月 10 日的新 gTLD 计划委员会会议记录。

  2. 主要议程:

    1. 处理 GAC 关于执行申请人承诺的建议的更新

      鉴于新 gTLD 的申请人确认了所申请 gTLD 的特定目的及其打算融入自己的注册管理机构运营的特定业务计划,只是预计目前其中的大部分计划不会纳入到注册管理机构协议的义务中。

      鉴于 GAC 的多伦多公报中包括对 ICANN 的建议:"有必要将所有这些承诺和目标陈述都转化成具有约束力的合同承诺,并由 ICANN 进行合规性监管。"

      鉴于新 gTLD 计划委员会已形成提议机制来处理 GAC 建议。

      兹此发布第 2013.02.01.NG02 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会指示总裁兼首席执行官就提议机制征询公众意见,该机制用于处理 GAC 关于所述更多申请人承诺的建议。

      第 2013.02.01.NG02 号决议的理由

      确定能否处理收到的 GAC 关于此问题的建议非常重要。创建一种机制,申请人可通过它向 ICANN 做出符合其申请的约束性承诺,这将有助于促进 ICANN 机构群体整体的透明度和问责制。尽管制定该机制仍需开展进一步工作,但预计做出上述约束性承诺将有助于公众利益。

      该决议要求进行的工作将需要资源才能完成,尽管预计该计划工作不会超出预算资源。如果实施得当,引入含有更多约束性承诺的机制将对 DNS 的安全性、稳定性和灵活性产生积极影响。

resolutions-new-gtld-01feb13-zh.pdf  [284 KB]

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."