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获批决议 | 新 gTLD 计划委员会会议




注:2012 年 4 月 10 日,理事会成立了新 gTLD 计划委员会,该委员会由与新 gTLD 计划不存在冲突的理事会所有投票成员组成。委员会获得理事会的全部授权(受法律、组织条例、章程或 ICANN 利益冲突政策中限制条件的约束),行使理事会的权力以处理所有可能因新 gTLD 计划而产生的问题。委员会管理层的人员组成在以下章节 ( 中列出。

  1. 新 gTLD 的保护性申请

    鉴于理事会批准了新 gTLD 计划以保护某些利益和权利,特别是知识产权 ( );

    鉴于理事会提供了批准新 gTLD 计划有关上述方面内容的理由 (;


    鉴于 ICANN 已收到一份意见,意见中说明了提交 gTLD 申请以保护已确定的合法权利的明显必要性;

    鉴于作为对意见的回应,ICANN 开放公众意见征询期以就该观点的来源及解决方法征询意见 (;

    鉴于 ICANN 在哥斯达黎加公开会议期间举行了一次公共研讨会,以供机构群体讨论意见征询期内提出的建议以及机构群体提出的其他建议 (;

    鉴于新 gTLD 计划的目标包括保护已确定的合法权利;



    鉴于 ICANN 致力于在初始申请轮次后审核申请和评估流程的有效性,以及为缓和与引入新 gTLD 有关问题而实施的保护机制的有效性;


    兹发布第 2012.04.10.NG1 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会感谢机构群体参加对此问题的讨论。

    第 2012.04.10.NG2 号决议:尽管新 gTLD 计划委员会此次为保护 gTLD 申请而未对《申请人指南》提出任何修改意见,但是新 gTLD 计划委员会要求工作人员提供关于保护二级域名注册的简报,并要求 GNSO 考虑是否应开展关于保护二级域名注册的其他工作;

    第 2012.04.10.NG3 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会要求工作人员继续对所采用的流程和可用于新 gTLD 计划的保护机制进行有针对性的沟通。

    第 2012.04.10.NG1-2012.04.10.NG3 号决议的理由


  2. GNSO 关于在新 gTLD 中保护红十字会和国际奥林匹克委员会域名的建议

    第 2012.04.10.NG4 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会确认收到 GNSO 关于扩大对红十字会/红新月会和国际奥林匹克委员会顶级域名保护机制的建议。

    第 2012.04.10.NG5 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会决定此次不修改《申请人指南》。

    第 2012.04.10.NG4-2012.04.10.NG5 号决议的理由


Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."