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批准决议 | 新 gTLD 计划委员会会议

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本文档已翻译为多种语言,仅供参考之用。原始官方版本(英文版)可在以下位置找到:http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/documents/resolutions-new-gtld-2-27jun12-en.htm

 

第 2012.06.27.NG06 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会指示总裁兼首席执行官根据第 2011.12.08.04-2011.12.08.07 号决议的批准,终止数字目标值流程。

第2012.06.27.NG06 号决议的理由

为继续对 ICANN 机构群体负责,在慎重考虑提出的数字目标值流程相关异议,并由于发现一个技术问题而暂停该流程后,新 gTLD 计划委员会的决定为机构群体提供了关于数字目标值流程状态的最终定论。此项决定对域名系统 (DNS) 的安全性、稳定性或灵活性不会产生任何影响。

resolutions-new-gtld-2-27jun12-zh.pdf  [124 KB]

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."