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القرار المعتمد | اجتماع لجنة برنامج نطاق gTLD الجديد

هذه الصفحة متوفرة باللغات:

تمت ترجمة هذه الوثيقة إلى العديد من اللغات بغرض المعلومات فقط. ويمكن العثور على النص الأصلي والموثوق (بالإنجليزية) من:


تقرر بموجب القرار رقم (2012.06.27.NG06)، أن توجه لجنة برنامج نطاق gTLD الجديدة الرئيس والمدير التنفيذي إلى إنهاء عملية القوس الرقمي وفقًا لما تم اعتماده في القرارين 2011.12.08.04-2011.12.08.07.

حيثيات القرار 2012.06.27.NG06

لضمان مواصلة تحمل المسئولية أمام مجتمع ICANN، بعد الدراسة المتأنية للاعتراضات المقدمة على عملية القوس الرقمي، وفي أعقاب تعليق العملية بعد تحديد وجود مشكلة فنية، يوفر قرار لجنة برنامج gTLD الجديدة حسمًا للمجتمع حول حالة عملية القوس الرقمي. كما لن يكون لهذا القرار تأثير على أمن واستقرار ومرونة نظام اسم النطاق DNS نتيجة لهذا القرار.

resolutions-new-gtld-2-27jun12-ar.pdf  [36 KB]

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."