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批准的董事会决议 | ICANN 董事会例行会议

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本文档已翻译为多种语言,仅供参考之用。原始官方版本(英文版)可在以下位置找到:https://www.icann.org/resources/board-material/resolutions-2016-11-05-en

  1. 主要议程:
    1. 公开发布 ICANN 社群反骚扰政策草案,并征询公众意见
  1. 主要议程:

    1. 公开发布 ICANN 社群反骚扰政策草案,并征询公众意见

      鉴于,在 ICANN55 召开期间及之后,有关某些社群成员在互动中的行为的问题在各场 ICANN 会议和各个 ICANN 电子邮件列表中不断被提出。

      鉴于,ICANN 董事会同意解决 ICANN 社群成员在互动中的行为的问题。

      鉴于,在收到和考量了公众意见之后,董事会于 2016 年 6 月 25 日批准了(参见 https://www.icann.org/resources/board-material/resolutions-2016-06-25-en#2.f)预期行为标准修订案,相比旧版,新版能够更有针对性地解决骚扰问题。

      鉴于,为了贯彻落实上述公众意见,组织在需要及适当时咨询了专家之后,编制了 ICANN 社群反骚扰政策草案,并向社群征询意见。

      兹此发布第 2106.11.05.01 号决议:董事会特此授权发布 ICANN 社群反骚扰政策草案,并启动为期 60 天的公众评议期,为社群提供充足的时间讨论政策草案,以及表达和提交针对政策草案的公共意见。

      兹此发布第 2016.11.05.02 号决议:收到公众意见后,董事会将评估这些意见,如果建议对政策提案进行重大修改,则与社群再次讨论。

      第 2016.11.05.01-2016.11.05.02 号决议的理由

      ICANN55 召开期间及之后,有关某些社群成员在互动中的行为的问题在各场会议和各个电子邮件列表中不断被提出,董事会同意解决此问题。作为响应,董事会已确定并重申,ICANN 董事会和工作人员都以非常严肃的态度对待会议中的骚扰和其他不当行为。ICANN 和社群成员目标一致,确保 ICANN 社群成员能够为营造一个无骚扰的环境严于律己。

      作为一个组织,ICANN 在此问题方面制定了完善的内部政策,包括强制性培训。尽管 ICANN 社群成员不受与 ICANN 组织或董事会相同的政策和规则的约束,但参与 ICANN 流程的每个人都期望社群成员遵守预期行为标准。在解决 ICANN55 上提出的问题的过程中,采取的一项行动是:修改预期行为标准,特别提出骚扰问题,以及声明这种行为在任何 ICANN 讨论会中都是不可接受的。经董事会批准的 ICANN 预期行为标准修订版可通过以下链接查看:https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/expected-standards-2016-06-28-en

      此外,按照董事会指示,组织在适当及必要的情况下与专家合作,编制了社群反骚扰政策草案,供社群考量并发表意见。如该政策获得批准,则 ICANN 公共会议以及其他 ICANN 社群互动交流都应遵守其中的相关规定。社群反骚扰政策草案是本董事会文件的参考文件,其涵括了针对预期行为标准修订案相关公众意见所提出的很多建议(关于这些意见的报告,请参见:https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/report-comments-expected-standards-revisions-11jul16-en.pdf)。

      预计此决定不会对 ICANN 产生任何财政影响,也不会对域名系统的安全性、稳定性或弹性产生任何影响。

      该决议体现了组织管理职能,需要针对此主题直接征询公众意见。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."