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理事会决议批准 | ICANN 理事会特别会议

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本文档已翻译为多种语言,仅供参考之用。原始官方版本(英文版)可在以下位置找到:http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/documents/resolutions-10apr12-en.htm

 

新 gTLD 计划委员会成立

第 2012.04.10.01 号决议:理事会在此决定成立理事会新 gTLD 计划委员会,人员确定如下:(i) 委员会的投票成员包括:Rod Beckstrom、Cherine Chalaby、Chris Disspain、Bill Graham、Erika Mann、Gonzalo Navarro、Ray Plzak、R. Ramaraj、George Sadowsky、Mike Silber 和 Kuo-Wei Wu;(ii) 委员会联络人由 Thomas Roessler 担任;(iii) 委员会主席由 Cherine Chalaby 担任。

第 2012.04.10.02 号决议:理事会在此授予理事会新 gTLD 计划委员会在有关新 gTLD 计划的所有事项中(指始于 2012 年 1 月的计划轮次以及适用于当前轮次的《申请人指南》)行使章程中规定的理事会的所有法律和决策权,但不包括法律或 ICANN 章程第 2 节第 XII 条中禁止理事会授予的权利。

第 2012.04.10.03 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会的所有成员就理事会成员利益冲突对 2011 年 12 月 8 日理事会决议(第 2011.12.08.19 号决议)的承诺进行了补充,部分承诺具体表述如下:“批准新 gTLD 申请的任何理事会成员在理事会对申请做出决定后的 12 个月内,不得与任何资助公司有合同或雇佣关系或与该新 gTLD 有任何形式的关联。”

第 2012.04.10.04 号决议:理事会要求首席执行官准备一份文件,说明理事会委员会的成立流程,以便将来多个理事会成员在某一问题上存在预知的、潜在的或实际的利益冲突时用于处理相关问题。

第 2012.04.10.01 - 2012.04.10.04 号决议的理由

为了针对新 gTLD 计划的当前轮次和与《申请人指南》有关的事项举行有效的会议和采取适当的行动,理事会决定根据章程第 XII 条成立“新 gTLD 计划委员会”,并授予委员会在处理与始于 2012 年 1 月的新 gTLD 计划当前轮次和适用于当前轮次的《申请人指南》的有关事项时的决策权。

成立的新委员会的成员间没有利益冲突且授予该委员会决策权,这些都将带来一些明显益处。首先,由于新 gTLD 计划的问题可以在委员会层面解决,这将消除存在利益冲突的理事会成员出席理事会会议和研讨会的不确定性。第二,它允许委员会在未举行会议的情况下采取行动。这是由于理事会明白,除非提交电子版草案并获得一致同意,否则不能在未举行会议的情况下采取行动;而且即使仅有一位理事会成员存在利益冲突,也无法获得此类一致同意。第三,它让机构群体能够对理事会关于处理实际、潜在和预知利益冲突的承诺进行透明化审查。

根据该决议,新 gTLD 计划委员会将能够采取与新 gTLD 计划当前轮次和《申请人指南》有关事项的行动而不会产生任何利益冲突问题,因此该决议应对机构群体和 ICANN 都具有积极影响。此行动预计不会造成财政影响,也不会对域名系统的安全性、稳定性和灵活性造成影响。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."