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Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

A Special Meeting of the ICANN's Board of Directors was held via teleconference on 18 April 2006 and was called to order at 1:15 P.M. PDT US.

Chairman Vinton G. Cerf presided over the entire meeting. The following other Board Directors participated in all or part of the meeting: Raimundo Beca, Susan Crawford, Mouhamet Diop, Hagen Hultzsch, Joichi Ito, Veni Markovski, Alejandro Pisanty, Hualin Qian, Vanda Scartezini, Peter Dengate Thrush and Paul Twomey. Njeri Rionge was not present.

The following Board Liaisons participated in all or part of the meeting: Steve Crocker, Security and Stability Advisory Committee Liaison; Roberto Gaetano, At Large Advisory Committee Liaison; Daniel Dardailler, Technical Liaison Group Liaison; Thomas Narten, IETF Liaison, Mohamed Sharil Tarmizi, Governmental Advisory Committee Liaison; and Suzanne Woolf, Root Server System Advisory Committee Liaison. John Jeffrey, General Counsel and Board Secretary and other staff members also participated in the meeting.

The Board took the following actions: 1) the Board approved two confidential recommendations from the ICANN Ombudsman though two separate "Sense of the Board" resolutions, and 2) the Board approved a resolution relating to expenditures in support of the "L" root server. The Board unanimously determined that the details and contents of the resolutions on the above matters were not appropriate for public distribution pursuant to Bylaws Article III, Section 5.

More details regarding the other matters discussed in the meeting will be set out in separate minutes of the meeting once approved by the Board.

Vint Cerf adjourned the meeting at 3:04 P.M. PDT US.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."