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Approved Resolutions | Special Meeting of the Board

Whereas, the ICANN community has undertaken much work related to the WSIS;

Whereas, the ICANN community, including the At-Large Advisory Committee, Business Constituency, ISP Constituency, Country Code Top Level Domains, Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and the NRO, gTLD Registries, and Registrars, have engaged and participated in the WSIS discussions;

Whereas, the ICANN WSIS Workshop Planning Group, consisting of representation from ICANN's stakeholders, has effectively engaged the ICANN community in discussion of issues surrounding WSIS, and planned the highly attended and well-received workshops on WSIS at past ICANN meetings;

Whereas, the WSIS Workshop Planning Group invited Mr. Markus Kummer, Executive Coordinator, Secretariat of the United Nations Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG), to attend its sessions for the ICANN Meeting in Kuala Lumpur and in Cape Town, and invited Mr. Nitin Desai, WGIG Chair, and Special Adviser to the Secretary-General for the World Summit on Information Society, to the ICANN meeting in Cape Town;

Whereas, there are several members of the ICANN community, serving in their own capacities, on the WGIG, and also active in WSIS caucuses and other groups and events related to WSIS;

Whereas, ICANN believes that the debate in the WSIS, and the work of the WGIG, is important to an improved and better understanding of the Internet;

Whereas, ICANN and the Internet community will continue to follow carefully the developments in the WGIG and the WSIS, and only reach decision on the outcomes upon their completion;

Whereas, ICANN and the community recognize the significant effort required of the WGIG and the Secretariat in the coming months;

Whereas, ICANN fully supports the importance of the work of the ICANN community in the context of the WSIS discussions;

Resolved, that ICANN will help support the WGIG with a contribution of US$100,000 to the UN Global Information and Communication Technology Project; this contribution is intended as a good-faith and transparent contribution to an important discussion, and does not imply agreement with any final outcome of the WGIG or the WSIS.

Vint Cerf moved for a vote on these resolutions and Alejandro Pisanty and Veni Markovski both seconded. The Board approved these resolutions by a vote of 8-1, with an abstention by Mouhamet Diop.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."