Skip to main content
Resources

Preliminary Report of Special Meeting of the Board

ICANN Board Clarifies DNSO Constituency Representation

After taking account of all comments received and modifying the proposed amendments accordingly, the ICANN Board of Directors unanimously adopted the following resolutions at its special meeting today:

RESOLVED, that Section 2(a) of Article VI-B of the Bylaws of the Corporation is hereby replaced in its entirety with the following:

"The NC shall consist of representatives, selected in accordance with Section 3(c) of this Article, from each Constituency recognized by the Board pursuant to the criteria set forth in Section 3 of this Article."

FURTHER RESOLVED, that Section 3(c) of Article VI-B of the Bylaws of the Corporation is hereby replaced in its entirety with the following:

"Each Constituency shall select up to three individuals to represent that Constituency on the NC, no two of whom may be citizens of the same Geographic Region, as defined in Article V, Section 6, except that, with the consent of the Board, this latter requirement may be suspended for the term of a particular individual upon a showing that it is impracticable for the Constituency to obtain such geographic diversity. Any such waiver shall be granted only upon a commitment by the constituency to a substantive plan to diversify its membership, thereby minimizing the likelihood of the need for future waivers from the Board. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Constituency may have more representatives on the NC than there are members of the Constituency."

The formal minutes of this special meeting will be posted shortly.

Given the lengthy period of time and extensive public comment since this matter was first discussed at ICANN's May meetings in Berlin, and because of the need of the DNSO Names Council for prompt clarification of its membership structure prior to its next scheduled meeting in Santiago, the ICANN Initial Board adopted these Bylaws amendments at its special meeting today.

As was announced last month, the ICANN Initial Board has decided to open its next quarterly Board meeting in Santiago to public observation and Internet webcasting. The Board addresses significant Internet policy issues at its quarterly meetings, not on special meeting teleconferences.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."