Skip to main content
Resources

Preliminary Report of March 31 Special Meeting

Posted April 2, 1999

The Initial Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers conducted a special meeting via telephone on March 31, 1999, at 2:00 pm U.S. East Coast time.

  • The Board unanimously adopted bylaw changes designed to establish the basic framework for the creation of the three Supporting Organizations called for in the bylaws (including specific provisions establishing a Domain Name Supporting Organization), based in large part on the DNSO Formation Concepts statement adopted by the ICANN Board of Directors on March 4, 1999.  The changes adopted included several modifications from the draft changes posted in advance of the meeting at http://www.icann.org/dnso/dnsobylaws1.html, in response to public comment received on that draft.  The revised bylaws will be posted no later than Friday, April 9.
  •  The Board appointed the following individuals to the Independent Review Advisory Committee called for in the ICANN Bylaws:

         - Linda Wilson, Chair (United States)
         - Mads Bryde Andersen (Denmark)
         - Ryozo Hayashi (Japan)
         - Ethan Katsh (United States)
         - Hans Kraaijenbrink (Netherlands)
         - Jorge Plano (Argentina)
         - Peter Dengate Thrush (New Zealand)
         - Jorge Vega (Peru)

  • The Board also discussed the Registrar Accreditation process and the Shared Registration System, and planning for its May meeting in Berlin.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."