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Minutes - Public Participation Committee (PPC)

PPC members present: Dennis Jennings, Thomas Narten, Jean Jacques Subrenat – chair, Katim Touray, and Dave Wodelet

Staff Members Present: Samantha Eisner, Kieren McCarthy, Amy Stathos, Theresa Swinehart, and Nick Tomasso


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  • Unanimously approved minutes from last meeting.
  • Reviewed public participation at the Mexico City meeting to assess areas requiring modification or improvement in preparation for ICANN’s international meeting in Sydney. Action: Staff to prepare papers to address PPC questions on future models for public sessions; staff to work to schedule public meeting with PPC at the Sydney meeting for a time with less conflict on the meeting schedule (these papers expected by late April 2009).
  • Discussed date and venue selection for upcoming ICANN International meetings. Action: Staff to provide calendar of potential scheduling conflicts for PPC to use in future long-term meeting scheduling; staff to provide papers discussing meeting objectives and formats, and discussing rationale and process for venue selection; staff also to provide proposal to PPC regarding dates for upcoming ICANN meeting for comment by committee (these papers expected by late April 2009).
  • Discussed ways to enhance remote participation. Action: Staff to produce paper on next steps in evaluating and implementing remote participation solutions (paper by end of April 2009).
  • Discussed timely publication of documents in advance of ICANN meetings. Action: Staff to provide clarification on requested timelines and draft recommendation from the BGC to the ICANN Board that critical documents be posted 15 week days in advance of the opening day of ICANN’s 35th international public meeting, to be held in Sydney.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."