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IANA Committee (IC) Minutes

IC attendees:  Kuo-Wei Wu – Chair; Bertrand de La Chapelle, Thomas Narten, Ray Plzak, Katim Touray and Suzanne Woolf

Staff Members Present:  Elise Gerich – Vice President, IANA; Kim Davies, Samantha Eisner, Alina Syunkova, and Leo Vegoda

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes.  The IC reviewed and approved the minutes of the previous IC meeting.
  2. Update on Root Management.  Staff provided an update on the status of Root Management Work, including an overview of the monthly reporting given to the NTIA pursuant to the IANA Functions Contract.  The IC discussed the potential impact of the ccNSO Framework of Interpretation Work on the IANA Functions Department processes for delegation and redelegation.  The IC also received an update on the automation of Root Zone change requests, including a report that the Root Zone Management system is fully deployed and changes are being implemented successfully, and there is a phased roll out of access to a web interface for TLD managers to access information on their change requests.  The web interface required the institution of credentials to assure access control.  The roll out has been continuing successfully, and TLD managers have the choice of using the web-system or sending templates via email.  The IANA Functions Department staff is working with TLD managers to help the TLD managers/users gain better understanding of the system.  In addition, work is being done regarding potential automation of regulatory checks.  The IC also received a report on the work underway with its partners in the RZM system to address any issues that have arisen.  The future work underway included heightening the authentication process.  There is also proposed work on retiring 11 test TLDs that are in the root with a required sunset provision.
    • Action:
      • Staff to provide additional information on the history of check relating to the 512 byte check.
      • Staff to review low-bandwidth access to the web-interface.
  3. Review of IC Report to the Community.  The IC reviewed the report that will be provided for the community during the Dakar meeting regarding the IC’s recent activities.
    • Action:
      • Staff to revise report to meet IC member comments.
  4. Any Other Business.  An IC member raised a question regarding potential synergies between ccTLDs and gTLDs, such as gTLDs that are connected with national authorities.  IANA Functions staff noted that all TLD transactions are treated the same within the department, whether they are gTLDs or ccTLDs, and must meet the same criteria. 
    • documentation.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."