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IANA Committee (IC) Minutes

IC attendees: Harald Alvestrand – chair, Dennis Jennings, Thomas Narten, Katim Touray, and Suzanne Woolf.

Staff Members Present: Doug Brent – COO, David Conrad – IANA Executive Director (Acting) & VP Research and IANA Strategy; John Jeffrey – General Counsel, Kurt Pritz – SVP-Services; Joe Abley, Kim Davies, Samantha Eisner, Barbara Roseman, Diane Schroeder, Amy Stathos, and Leo Vegoda.

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Received update from staff of progress on action items identified at the previous meeting.
    • Actions:
      • Staff to provide IC with contextual information on the root glue policy, along with a proposal of possible steps forward, in preparation of public posting of the external review and proposals.
      • Once IC reviews staff’s summary of external review of root glue policy by email, staff to publicly post materials.
      • Staff to initiate work on standardizing documentation on process review.
      • Staff to provide target due dates for open action items, for IC review and consideration.
  2. Received an operational status report from Staff on the roll out of DNSSEC and the status of work on ICANN’s generic signing infrastructure.
  3. Received update from staff regarding failover and business continuity planning efforts within the IANA Functions department.
    • Actions:
      • Once completed, staff to forward to the IC the after-action report on the exercise.
      • Staff to provide IC with documentation of business assumptions included within the failover and business continuity exercise.
  4. Received update from staff on the external review of the root zone management process and potential operational items to address arising out of the review. Discussed potential for future follow-on review of the RZM process focused on production of the process.
    • Action:
      • Staff to provide communication plan to IC by email.
  5. Received an update from staff on the work to internally document IANA Functions Department current practice in delegations/redelegations and root zone management.
    • Action:
      • Staff to provide IC with information on potential issues in IANA request processing;
      • Staff to work to achieve agreement on publishing documentation of current practice.
  6. Discussed potential ways that the IC can facilitate Board consideration and action on delegation and redelegation issues.
    • Action:
      • Staff to draft a proposal for IC assistance to the Board in considering delegation and redelegation requests, including timing of IC involvement.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."