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Structural Improvements Committee - Preliminary Report

Committee members present: Harald Alvestrand, Raimundo Beca, Roberto Gaetano – chair, and Jean-Jacques Subrenat

Committee member not present but sends apologies: Rita Rodin Johnston

Staff members present: Jon Jeffrey, Marco Lorenzoni, Denise Michel, Diane Schroeder and Amy Stathos


The following is a summary of discussion, actions taken and actions identified:

  • Discussed and unanimously approved minutes from previous meeting.
  • Discussed status of GNSO Improvements and the need for resolutions regarding the timing of seating the GNSO council and directing staff to revise Stakeholder Group (SG) charters for SGs comments and then Board approval. Unanimously approved resolutions for Board consideration.
  • Discussed questions posed by GNSO Improvements working group to Board. Action: Board liaison to GNSO Improvements working group to send questions and recommended responses to committee for review and comment.
  • Discussed and unanimously passed resolution stating that the NomCom representatives from GNSO should be linked to SGs and not constituencies.
  • Discussed any other issues stemming from review working group reports that could be voted on at Board meeting on 21 May. Action: Staff to review Board review working group draft report and draft resolution for Board consideration identifying the issues agreed and those still open, and directing staff to post report upon its completion.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."