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Structural Improvements Committee Minutes

Committee members present: Harald Alvestrand, Raimundo Beca, Roberto Gaetano – chair, and Jean-Jacques Subrenat

Committee member not present but sends apologies: Rita Rodin Johnston

Staff members present: Doug Brent, Samantha Eisner, Marco Lorenzoni, Denise Michel, Diane Schroeder and Amy Stathos


The following is a summary of discussion, actions taken and actions identified:

  • Discussed and unanimously approved minutes from previous meeting.
  • Discussed analysis of Organizational Review Process and related modifications to Bylaws, and unanimously approved submitting Organizational Review Process materials to Board with recommendation to post items for public comment, pending Committee approval of Executive Summary of materials and approval of slight modification to Bylaws as proposed. Action: Staff to prepare executive summary of Organization Review Process materials and circulate to Committee for comment and approval; staff also to revise proposed Bylaws revisions prior to submission to Board.
  • Discussed status of terms of reference for ccNSO review and unanimously approved of submitting the terms of reference to Board with recommendation to post item for public comment.
  • Discussed formation of working group for ccNSO review and unanimously approved of formation of group with the chair’s suggested composition, including a nominee familiar with IDN issues. Action: Chair to contact potential members to secure commitment to participate.
  • Discussed status of GNSO Improvements implementation. Unanimously approved Raimundo Beca as new Board liaison for GNSO implementation process. Action: Committee to review GNSO Implementation materials address questions to staff via email.
  • Discussed recent Bylaws revisions in light of changes to Board committee structures. Action: Staff to work with Committee to determine if any additional Bylaws changes required.
  • Discussed status of RSSAC and SSAC reviews.
  • Discussed timing of next Committee meeting.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."