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Structural Improvements Committee Minutes

Preliminary Report - 28 February 2009

Committee members present: Harald Alvestrand, Raimundo Beca, Roberto Gaetano – chair, Rita Rodin Johnston and Jean-Jacques Subrenat

Other Board Member present – Peter Dengate Thrush

Staff members present: Samantha Eisner, Marco Lorenzoni, Denise Michel, Diane Schroeder, and Amy Stathos

Also present (for first part of discussion): Chris Disspain


The following is a summary of discussion, actions taken and actions identified:

  • Discussed and unanimously approved minutes from previous meeting.
  • Discussed timing and process for initiating ccNSO independent Review: Action: Staff to draft paper identifying options as to how the review would work, its timeline and pros and cons of each option.
  • Discussed status of GNSO Improvements and working group structure. Actions: Board to acknowledge receipt of charters and revert with comments; Board to take action by next meeting on staff recommendations re: dealing with user community within GNSO.
  • Discussed nature of timing of presentations to be made in Mexico on ongoing reviews, indicating that there will be presentations on Wednesday and Thursday during the Mexico meeting, updating community on present state of all open Organization Reviews.
  • Discussed status of analysis of Organizational Reviews. Action: Staff to draft a summary of the good things and the bad that have occurred in the various reviews to date for the next committee meeting; committee members to send comments to staff for incorporation into Organizational Review process paper and staff to distribute revised paper a week before next committee meeting.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."