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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Bill Graham – Chair, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Olga Madruga-Forti, Gonzalo Navarro and George Sadowsky.

Other Board Attendees: Steve Crocker and Chris Disspain

Staff Attendees: Nora Abusitta, Megan Bishop, Michelle Bright, Mandy Carver, Sally Costerton, Samantha Eisner, Jamie Hedlund, Nigel Hickson, Tarek Kamel, Veni Markovski, Rodrigo de la Parra, Amy Stathos and Save Vocea

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Introduction of new team and responsibilities – Staff briefed the BGRC on new developments at the staff level and structure of the Global Stakeholder Engagement team. These changes are in line with the strategy laid out by the President and CEO.
  2. Key elements of global outreach plan – Staff presented a brief overview of the work being done to develop a global outreach plan.  A more comprehensive briefing will take place at the upcoming Board Workshop in Los Angeles.  Committee members requested that staff share the package of materials that will be presented at the Workshop prior to the start of the Workshop, highlighting key items where the Board's advice or guidance would be useful.
    • Action:
      • Staff to provide requested briefing material to the BGRC in advance of the upcoming workshop in Los Angeles.
  3. AOB – The BGRC discussed the current and future strategy for board interaction with the GAC, particularly in light of the potential for an increase in participants expected in 2013.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."