Skip to main content
Resources

Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Sébastien Bachollet, Steve Crocker, Bill Graham, Mike Silber and Thomas Roessler

Invited Attendee: Olga Madruga-Forti

Staff Attendees: Edward Beck, Megan Bishop, Michelle Bright, Mandy Carver, Sally Costerton, Elise Gerich, Jamie Hedlund, Christopher Mondini, Nigel Hickson, Tarek Kamel, Xiaodong Lee, Diane Schroeder, and Amy Stathos


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes of the Prior Meeting – The BGRC approved the minutes of its 11 September 2012 meeting.
  2. GAC High Level Meeting – The BGRC discussed the GAC High Level Meeting, including the numbers and geographic areas of High Level Meeting attendees and the way in which the meeting is structured.
  3. Toronto Internationalization Session – Staff presented a briefing on the nature and format of the globalization session in Toronto. The BGRC discussed how the discussion might evolve and the responses to the various questions on the table.
  4. WCIT – Staff provided a report on the status of plans for the WCIT and those activities in which ICANN is interested.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."