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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Sébastien Bachollet, Steve Crocker, Heather Dryden, Bill Graham, Mike Silber and Suzanne Woolf

BGRC Apologies: Erika Mann

Invited Attendee: Olga Madruga-Forti

Staff Attendees: Kurt Pritz – Senior Vice President, Stakeholder Relations; Michelle Bright, Rodrigo de la Parra, Samantha Eisner, Elise Gerich, Jamie Hedlund, Nigel Hickson, Tarek Kamel, Sally Costerton, and Alina Syunkova


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes of the Prior Meeting – The BGRC approved the minutes of its June 2012 meeting.

  2. Attendance at IGF – The BGRC discussed planning for ICANN's attendance and participation at the upcoming meeting of the IGF in November 2012.

  3. Internationalization Survey – The BGRC discussed the mode of introducing the survey results to the community. The BGRC agreed that though the Internationalization strategy is likely changing with the new leadership, ICANN should proceed with its commitment to publish the results of the Internationalization survey, while noting that the results may be overtaken by the new work being undertaken at the direction of the new President and CEO.

    • Actions:

      • Staff to publish survey results with introductory note.

      • Staff to coordinate Toronto public session on enhancing ICANN's globalization efforts.

  4. Regional Strategy – The BGRC received presentations on ICANN's development of regional strategies in the African and Latin American regions. Initial draft plans on the Africa strategy will be presented to the community in Toronto, and a session is scheduled in Toronto on stakeholder engagement and outreach in the Latin American/Caribbean region.

  5. Any Other Business – The BGRC discussed a request to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding from a regional organization.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."