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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Steve Crocker, Bill Graham and Mike Silber

Staff Attendees: Kurt Pritz – Senior Vice President, Stakeholder Relations; Rodrigo de la Parra, Samantha Eisner, Elise Gerich, Jamie Hedlund, Nigel Hickson, Xiaodong Lee, Christopher Mondini, Diane Schroeder, Amy Stathos and Alina Syunkova


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes of the Prior Meeting – The BGRC approved the minutes of its June 2012 meeting.

  2. Preparations for Upcoming International Meetings – The BGRC discussed ICANN’s planned attendance at upcoming international meetings and the potential for coordination and outreach in conjunction with those meetings.

    • Action:

      • Staff to provide a discussion paper to the BGRC regarding upcoming meetings.

      • BGRC to provide staff with recommendations regarding outreach and coordination efforts.

  3. Internationalization Survey – The BGRC continued its discussion regarding the results of the internationalization survey and the roadmap provided by staff on the next steps for the release of the survey and building on the initial work. The BGRC discussed the idea of a further community consultation to help elicit more comprehensive input, including considering how to seek input from those who do not participate regularly in ICANN processes.

    • Action:

      • Staff to provide a document regarding potential future consultation, including scheduling a session at the Toronto meeting on this topic.

  4. Regional Strategy Discussion – The BGRC discussed ICANN’s developing strategies for engagement within the geographic regions, with particular discussions about Latin America and Africa.

    • Action:

      • Staff to provide a discussion document to the BGRC prior to the Toronto meeting regarding regional strategy.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."