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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Sébastien Bachollet, Bill Graham, and Suzanne Woolf

Invited Attendee: Fadi Chehadé

Staff Attendees: Akram Atallah – Chief Operating Officer, John Jeffrey – General Counsel and Secretary; Rodrigo de la Parra, Samantha Eisner, Elise Gerich, Jamie Hedlund, Nigel Hickson, Xiaodong Lee, David Olive, Diane Schroeder and Amy Stathos

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes of the Prior Meeting – The BGRC approved the minutes of its March 2012 meeting.
  2. Internationalization Survey – The BGRC discussed how to proceed after review of the survey results, noting that the community has indicated its willingness to participate in this process. The BGRC discussed the import of sharing the results, while noting that the results have to be presented along with discussion of the broader challenges and ICANN landscape. The BGRC noted that this work would feed into the ICANN strategic plan. The BGRC also discussed ICANN's engagements with different international organizations, and the need to coordinate participation.
    • Action:
      • Staff to draft a document for discussion at the September workshop of the Board, regarding proposals for the internationalization strategy.
      • Sub-group of BGRC members to provide recommendations for ICANN engagement with international organizations.
  3. Review of Upcoming International Meetings of Relevance – Staff provided an update on the preparations for upcoming international meetings, including the WCIT.
  4. Any other business – The BGRC had a brief discussion regarding Internet standards and the potential for international organizations and governments to take interest in the standards-development processes.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."