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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky, and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Rod Beckstrom, President and CEO; Steve Crocker; Bill Graham

BGRC Apologies: Erika Mann

Staff Attendees: Akram Atallah – Chief Operating Officer, Rodrigo de La Parra – VP, Latin America, Jamie Hedlund – VP, Government Affairs – Americas, John Jeffrey – General Counsel and Secretary, David Olive – Vice President, Policy Support, Samantha Eisner, Diane Schroeder and Amy Stathos

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes – The BGRC approved the minutes of the previous meeting.
  2. BGRC Workplan – The BGRC discussed the workplan for the year and the schedule of meetings and agreed upon a time rotation for scheduling.
  3. Internationalization – The BGRC discussed the schedule for the production of a survey for the community regarding internationalization and the need for continued BGRC input on the drafting of the survey.
    • Action:
      • Staff to assist BGRC in producing draft survey to be circulated for BGRC comment prior to finalization.
      • BGRC Chair to circulate a proposal on the timing of the release of the survey.
  4. IANA Functions Contract – Received update on the IANA Functions Contract.
  5. Costa Rica Meeting Planning – Received an update from staff on the coordination of the Costa Rica Meeting and planning for engagement with the local community at that meeting, including work to increase participation across sectors. There will be a LACTLD workshop just prior to the ICANN meeting, and there may be a meeting of governmental representatives from Central America occurring just prior to the ICANN meeting.
    • Action:
      • Staff to coordinate with governmental representatives to explain interactions occurring at the Ministerial Roundtable prior to ICANN’s meeting Dakar, Senegal to determine if a similar interaction was desired in advance of the Costa Rica meeting.
  6. Staffing update – The BGRC received an update on the recent hiring of regional Vice Presidents for Latin America and Europe. The BGRC welcomed Rodrigo de La Parra to his new role.
  7. Communiqué from the African Union Commission – Staff provided an update on the response to the Communiqué from the African Union.
  8. World Congress on Information Technology – Staff provided an updated on the collaboration with the I* community on issues related to WCIT. The BGRC discussed further coordination ideas and how updates could be provided to the Board as a whole.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."