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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Gonzalo Navarro – Chair; Chris Disspain, Erika Mann, George Sadowsky, Katim Touray and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Rod Beckstrom, Steve Crocker, Heather Dryden, Bill Graham, and Bertrand de La Chapelle

Staff Attendees: Akram Atallah – Chief Operating Officer; Barbary Clay – Vice President, Communications and Marketing; Jamie Hedlund – Vice President, Governmental Affairs – Americas; John Jeffrey – General Counsel and Secretary; Kurt Pritz – Senior Vice President, Stakeholder Relations; Samantha Eisner, Baher Esmat, Dan Halloran, Denise Michel, Christopher Mondini, Diane Schroeder, and Amy Stathos


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes – The BGRC reviewed and approved minutes of the previous BGRC meeting.
  2. IGF Planning – The BGRC received a presentation from staff regarding coordination of attendance and participation in the upcoming IGF meeting in Nairobi, Kenya.
  3. Regional Governmental Relationships Update – The BGRC received an update on regional governmental relationship building efforts.
  4. IANA Functions Contract – Received an update on the IANA Functions Contract and discussed the responses to the Further Notice of Inquiry.
  5. Internationalization – The BGRC discussed the work achieved to date to review internationalization, including the composition of a list of factors for consideration and two discussion papers.  The BGRC agreed that assigning priority to the factors may assist in further development of strategy regarding internationalization.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."