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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Chris Disspain, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro – Chair, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Rod Beckstrom – President and CEO; Bertrand de La Chapelle; Steve Crocker, Bill Graham

BGRC Apologies: Katim Touray

Staff Attendees: Akram Atallah – Chief Operating Officer, Elise Gerich – Vice President, IANA, Jamie Hedlund – VP, Government Affairs – Americas, John Jeffrey – General Counsel and Secretary, Diane Schroeder and Amy Stathos

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. New Chair Introduction – The new Chair described how he sees the BGRC meetings going forward and ensuring that the goal is to reach consensus and collaboration in all areas.

  2. Workplan – Staff provided an update on the various tasks and topics of discussion that the BGRC has been involved in over the past year. The BGRC discussed various approaches for moving forward and developing strategy.

    • Actions:

      • BGRC Chair to circulate priority topics to BGRC for consideration.

      • Staff to provide BGRC with draft document developing the themes highlighted by the BGRC Chair.

  3. Internationalization – The CEO provided a report on the status of discussions for ICANN approach internationally and the BGRC discussed how to bring this item forward for Board and community conversation.

    • Action:

      • Staff to work with certain BGRC members to draft document for September workshop that will describe factors for consideration in developing strategy for international environment.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."