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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees:  Peter Dengate Thrush – Chair; Gonzalo Navarro; George Sadowsky; Katim Touray and Kuo-Wei Wu

Apolpgies:      Cherine Chalaby; Erika Mann

Other Board Attendees:  Rod Beckstrom – President and CEO and Steve Crocker

Staff Attendees:  Akram Atallah – Chief Operating Officer; Elise Gereich – VP – IANA; Jamie Hedlund – VP, Government Affairs, Americas; Rodrigo de la Parra; Diane Schroeder; Amy Stathos


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  1. Minutes – The BGRC approved the preliminary report from the last committee meeting.

  2. Latin America Strategy and Relationships Overview – Staff provided an updated and a more detailed overview on activities in the Latin American region, including a list of goals over next five years, along with the tactics of achieving those goals, including identifying the audiences, developing the messages and the means of delivering the messages.  The goals included enhancing relationships with governments, business, the at-large community, and the continuing relationships with LACTLD and LACNIC.  The goals also include increasing the number of ccTLDs deploying DNSSEC.  Staff also identified some of the challenges in the region.

    • Actions:
      • Staff to develop one-pager, with objectives and key statistics and metrics for review in Singapore
      • Staff to present report on the Africa region at the BGRC’s next meeting
  3. NOI – Staff provided an update on the responses to the NOI issued by the U.S. Government on the IANA functions.

  4. IGF – Staff provided an update on the status of IGF and noted that there is a CSTD meeting on the IGF in Geneva on 24 May 2011 and that there is an IGF meeting in September in Nairobi, which will be the final one under the current regime. 

  5. BGRC Workplan – Discussed the finalization of the BGRC workplan for the year.

    • Action:  Committee to review and provide input, and be prepared to approve in Instabul.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."