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Minutes | Board Governance Committee (BGC) Meeting

BGC Attendees: Cherine Chalaby, Chris Disspain, Olga Madruga-Forti, Mike Silber, and Bruce Tonkin – Chair

Apologies: Ram Mohan and Ray Plzak

Other Board Member Attendees: Steve Crocker

Executive and Staff Attendees: Megan Bishop (Board Support Coordinator), John Jeffrey (General Counsel and Secretary), Elizabeth Le (Senior Counsel), and Amy Stathos (Deputy General Counsel)


The following is a summary of discussion, actions taken, and actions identified:

  1. Reconsideration Request 14-4 – Ram Mohan abstained from participation of this matter noting conflicts. Staff briefed the BGC regarding the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America's request seeking reconsideration of the Expert Determination, and ICANN's acceptance of that Determination, dismissing the Requester's community objection to the application for .KOSHER. The Requester claims that the Panel failed to comply with ICANN policies and processes in reaching the Determination by applying the wrong standard for evaluating the likelihood of material detriment causing the Panel to incorrectly conclude that KMA would be prevented from operating the .KOSHER TLD in a disparate manner. After discussion and consideration of the Request, the BGC concluded that the Requester has not stated proper grounds for reconsideration because there is no evidence that the Panel applied the wrong standard in contravention of established policy or procedure in evaluating the likelihood of material detriment. Moreover, the BGC noted that the applicant for .KOSHER, Kosher Marketing Assets, LLC (KMA), submitted a Public Interest Commitments Specification to be part of its Registry Agreement that, among other things, specifically prohibits it from "impos[ing] kosher certification standards or methodologies of [its own] or [of] its Affiliates . . . on any registrants" and requires it to "administer registry access in a transparent way that does not give an undue preference to any registrars or registrants, including itself, and shall not subject registrars or registrants to an undue disadvantage." Those binding and enforceable commitments will help ensure that KMA is not allowed to operate the .KOSHER TLD in a disparate manner. The Bylaws authorize the BGC to make a final determination on Reconsideration Requests brought regarding staff action or inaction and the BGC concluded that its determination on Request 14-4 is final; no consideration by the NGPC is warranted.
  2. Reconsideration Request 14-10 - The BGC decided to continue consideration of Request 14-10 to its next meeting in London on 21 June 2014. Ram Mohan abstained from participation of this matter noting conflicts.

Published on 21 June 2014

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."