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Minutes | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

A Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors was held on 16 November 2013 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, at 11:00 am local time.

Steve Crocker, Chair, promptly called the meeting to order.

The following Directors participated in all or part of the meeting: Sébastien Bachollet, Fadi Chehadé (President and CEO), Cherine Chalaby, Bertrand de La Chapelle, Chris Disspain, Olga Madruga-Forti, Bill Graham, Wolfgang Kleinwächter, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro, Ray Plzak, George Sadowsky, Mike Silber, and Kuo-Wei Wu. Bruce Tonkin (Vice Chair) sent apologies.

The following Board Liaisons participated in all or part of the meeting: Ram Mohan (SSAC Liaison), Jonne Soininen (IETF Liaison), and Suzanne Woolf (RSSAC Liaison). Francisco da Silva (TLG Liaison) and Heather Dryden (GAC Liaison) sent apologies.

Bruno Lanvin was in attendance as an invited observer.

The following ICANN Executives and Staff participated in all or part of the meeting: Akram Atallah (President – Global Domains Division), Susanna Bennett (Chief Operating Officer), Duncan Burns (Vice President, Global Communications), Michelle Bright (Board Support Manager), Sally Costerton (Sr. Advisor to the President – Global Stakeholder Engagement), John Jeffrey (General Counsel and Secretary), David Olive (Vice President, Policy Development), Karine Perset (Sr. Director of Board Support), Amy Stathos (Deputy General Counsel), and Theresa Swinehart (Sr. Advisor to the President on Strategy), in addition to other staff.

Secretary: John Jeffrey (General Counsel & Secretary).

  1. Main Agenda
    1. Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance

 

  1. Main Agenda:

    1. Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance

      The Chair introduced the agenda item and the Board engaged in a discussion regarding the Internet coordination issues and potential next steps by the Board following from the Board's 28 September 2013 resolution and the work that has transpired since that resolution. The Board discussed possible matters for inclusion in a follow-on resolution, for consideration over the following days.

      No resolution was taken.

Published on 10 February 2014

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."