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Special Meeting of the Initial Board Minutes

INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED NAMES AND NUMBERS
MINUTES OF SPECIAL MEETING

September 9, 1999
Formal approval October 24, 1999

A meeting of the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (the "Corporation") was held by teleconference on September 9, 1999. The following Directors of the Corporation were present by telephone: Geraldine Capdeboscq, Gregory L. Crew, Esther Dyson, Hans Kraaijenbrink, Jun Murai, Michael Roberts, and Eugenio Triana. Also present on the teleconference were Andrew McLaughlin, Interim Secretary of the Corporation; and Joe Sims and Louis Touton of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue.

The meeting was called to order by Esther Dyson at 9:03 am U.S. Eastern Daylight Time.

UPDATE ON DISCUSSIONS WITH THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND NETWORK SOLUTIONS, INC.

Joe Sims described the status of ongoing discussions with the U.S. Department of Commerce and Network Solutions, Inc. ("NSI"), relating to the terms of possible agreements between ICANN and NSI as registry, between ICANN and NSI as registrar, and between the U.S. Department of Commerce and NSI.

The meeting was adjourned at 9:31 am Eastern Daylight Time.

 

_______________________
Andrew McLaughlin
Interim Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."