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Special Meeting of the Initial Board Minutes


June 23, 1999

Draft posted July 16, 1999
Formal approval October 24, 1999

A meeting of the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (the "Corporation") was held by teleconference at 6:00am U.S. Pacific Daylight Time on June 23, 1999. Of the initial Directors of the Corporation, the following were present either in person or by telephone: Geraldine Capdeboscq, Gregory L. Crew, Esther Dyson, Frank Fitzsimmons, Hans Kraaijenbrink, Michael Roberts, and Linda Wilson. Directors George Conrades, Jun Murai and Eugenio Triana were absent. Also present on the teleconference were Andrew McLaughlin, Interim Treasurer and CFO of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers; and Joe Sims, Mike Weinberg, Jeff LeVee, and Louis Touton of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue. Andrew McLaughlin acted as secretary for the meeting.

The meeting was called to order by Esther Dyson.


Upon motion duly made and seconded, the Board unanimously adopted the following resolution:

RESOLVED [resolution 99.60], that Andrew McLaughlin be, and hereby is, appointed as Interim Secretary of the Corporation, to serve at the pleasure of the Board and in accordance with the Bylaws of the Corporation, and shall hold his office until his resignation, removal or other disqualification from service, or until his successor shall be elected and qualified.


Andrew McLaughlin reported to the Board that a group of drafters, including affiliates of the Domain Name Rights Coalition, the Internet Society, and ACM, had not yet completed its work on, and thus had not yet submitted to the Board, a new compromise proposal for provisional recognition as the Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders Constituency Group of the DNSO. Mr. McLaughlin noted his understanding that the proposal would be completed and posted for public comment within a week or two. Several Board members discussed the need of the DNSO to have a recognized and functioning constituency group to represent non-commercial interests, and expressed the view that the drafters should be encouraged to submit their proposal as early as possible.


Counsel reported that the gTLD registry of the DNSO, contrary to the request of the Board, had declined to name only one member of the Names Council, and, instead, had offered three names. The Board discussed whether, given the clear sentiment of the Internet community as expressed at the Berlin meeting, the Bylaws of the Corporation should be amended to prohibit a constituency from naming more members of the Names Council than there are members of the constituency. The Board directed the president, with the assistance of legal counsel, to prepare, and post for public comment, possible amendments to the Bylaws to address this matter.


Mike Roberts reported that ICANN had received a letter from Congressman Tom Bliley, Chairman of the Commerce Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. Mr. Roberts informed the Board that staff and counsel would be working to prepare responses to Chairman Bliley's questions, and to gather responsive documents from ICANN staff and affiliates.


In anticipation of the scheduled Santiago meetings in August, the Board discussed possible changes in the format of ICANN's sequence of public and Board meetings. The Board discussed the desirability of accommodating requests from the community for more open access to the Board's deliberations, while still permitting the Board to function effectively. Mr. Roberts suggested that the ICANN staff prepare and present to the Board some specific possible changes to the format of ICANN meetings. The Board agreed to discuss any such recommended changes during its next teleconference.

At this point in the call, Directors Capdeboscq and Wilson departed.


The Board discussed the status of issues relating to the DNS root server system. Mike Roberts updated the Board on the results of the meeting of the Root Server System Advisory Committee in San Jose. Roberts reported that he, Jun Murai, and Suzanne Woolf had had a positive set of discussions with the other root server operators, and that discussions were continuing on the proposed joint research effort to study improvements to the root server system, including the proposal to move the system toward a dedicated primary root server. Roberts stated that ICANN had concluded the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the U.S. Department of Commerce. Roberts stated that ICANN had received helpful suggestions from the root server operators on how to improve and simplify the terms of the proposed Memorandum of Participation, and that ICANN would be incorporating those changes into a revised draft to be circulated among the operators by the end of the week.

The meeting was adjourned at 7:15 Pacific Daylight Time.


Andrew McLaughlin
Acting Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."