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Special Meeting of the Executive Committee Minutes


January 8, 1999

A special meeting of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (the "Corporation") was held by telephone at 11:00 a.m.. Eastern U.S. time, on January 8, 1999.  All of the members of the Executive Committee (Esther Dyson, Greg Crew, Hans Kraaijenbrink, and Michael Roberts) were present, as were Andrew McLaughlin and Molly Shaffer Van Houweling.

Upon motion duly made and seconded, the Executive Committee unanimously approved the adoption of the following resolutions.

RESOLVED [Resolution EC-3], that Frank Fitzsimmons is elected Interim Treasurer/Chief Financial Officer, to serve at the pleasure of the Board and in accordance with the Bylaws of the Corporation, and will hold his office until his resignation, removal or other disqualification from service, or until his successor shall be elected and qualified.

RESOLVED [Resolution EC-4], that Molly Shaffer Van Houweling is elected Interim Secretary, to serve at the pleasure of the Board and in accordance with the Bylaws of the Corporation, and will hold her office until her resignation, removal or other disqualification from service, or until her successor shall be elected and qualified.

At this point, Frank Fitzsimmons joined the call and participated in a brief update on personnel matters, committees, and logistical planning for upcoming ICANN meetings, after which the call ended.

Michael Roberts
Acting Interim Assistant Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."