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Minutes - Special Meeting of the Board

6 November 1998

A special meeting of the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (the "Corporation") was held by telephone at 8:00 a.m., Eastern U.S. time on November 6, 1998.  All of the directors of the Corporation were present at the beginning of the meeting except for Eugenio Triana, who joined later, and George Conrades and Frank Fitzsimmons.  Also present at the meeting were Joe Sims, Jeff Levee, Michael Weinberg and Eric Harmon of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue.

Esther Dyson began the meeting by stating the agenda of the meeting, which was to discuss and adopt the bylaws of the Corporation and to draft a letter transmitting the bylaws of the Corporation to the Department of Commerce.

After discussion the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:  


RESOLVED [resolution 98.17], that the bylaws attached hereto as Exhibit A are hereby adopted and approved as the Bylaws of the Corporation until amended or repealed in accordance with applicable law.


RESOLVED [resolution 98.18], that the transmittal letter to the Department of Commerce attached hereto as Exhibit B is hereby adopted and approved.

FURTHER RESOLVED [resolution 98.19], that the Chairman of the Corporation is authorized to execute and transmit the letter with the Bylaws of the Corporation to the Department of Commerce.  

Zita Wenzel
Interim Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."