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Minutes, October 29 Special Meeting

OCTOBER 29, 1998

A special meeting of the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (the "Corporation") was held by telephone at 3:00 p.m., Eastern U.S. time on October 29, 1998. All of the directors of the Corporation were present at the beginning of the meeting except for Geraldine Capdeboscq, who joined later, and Jun Murai. Also present at the meeting were Joe Sims, Jeff Levee and Michael Weinberg of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue and Zita Wenzel.

Esther Dyson began the meeting by describing the communication during the week with the Boston Working Group ("BWG"), the Open Root Server Confederation ("ORSC") and others who had commented on the formation of the Corporation. As a result of those communications, Chairman Dyson had set up a conference call for 3:00 Eastern U.S. time on October 31, 1998 with representatives of BWG, ORSC and the Corporation. Directors of the Corporation were encouraged to participate in the conference call to the extent their schedules allowed.

Mike Roberts and Esther Dyson next described a public meeting of the Corporation to be held in the Boston area on November 13-14. The meeting is intended to permit public input on the implementation of the Corporation's Bylaws and purposes, including the establishment of a membership and the formation of the Supporting Organizations.

The Board next discussed comments on a draft letter to the Department of Commerce. After this discussion, Eugenio Triana left the call.

The Board next discussed possible changes to the draft Bylaws for the Corporation. The Board requested Michael Weinberg to revise the Bylaws and distribute them to the Board. It was acknowledged that input from BWG and ORSC were necessary before the Bylaws should be finalized.

Geraldine Capdeboscq then joined the call.

The Board then discussed locations for the Boston-area meeting. Also discussed were possible public meetings involving ICANN in Brussels, possibly on November 18 and November 25. Directors Capdeboscq, Dyson, Kraaijenbrink, Roberts and Triana were encouraged to attend, as well as any other directors who could do so.

Esther Dyson next mentioned that the Board should try to hold a meeting in the Asia/Pacific region in the first quarter of 1999.

The Board then discussed the process for deciding on the form and recognition of the Supporting Organizations. Mike Roberts was asked to prepare comments and proposals on the processes.

Greg Crew then left the call and, shortly thereafter, the call ended.


Jeffrey LeVee
Acting Interim Assistant Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."