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Agenda | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

Consent Agenda:

  • Approval of Board Meeting Minutes from 16 September 2018 and 3 October 2018
  • Confirmation of SSAC Reappointments
  • Confirmation of RSSAC Co-Chair
  • Confirmation of RSSAC Representatives
  • Deferral of Transition to Thick WHOIS Policy Implementation
  • Appointment of Board Designee to the third Accountability and Transparency Review Team
  • Legal Expense Disbursement
  • Interim Supplementary Procedures for Independent Review Process
  • Thank You to Departing Community Members
  • Thank You to Local Host of ICANN 63 Meeting
  • Thank You to Sponsors of ICANN 63 Meeting
  • Thank You to Interpreters, Staff, Event and Hotel Teams of ICANN 63 Meeting

Main Agenda

  • Geographic Regions Review Working Group Final Report
  • Transfer from Operating Fund to Reserve Fund
  • Reserve Fund Replenishment Strategy
  • Thank You to Lousewies van der Laan for her service to the ICANN Board
  • Thank You to Jonne Soininen for his service to the ICANN Board
  • Thank You to Mike Silber for his service to the ICANN Board
  • Thank You to Ram Mohan for his service to the ICANN Board
  • Thank You to George Sadowsky for his service to the ICANN Board
  • AOB

Published on 15 October 2018

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."