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Agenda | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

Consent Agenda:

  • Approval of Minutes from 26 April 2015
  • RSSAC Appointment
  • SSAC Advisory on the Use of Static TLD / Suffix Lists
  • Adoption of the Framework of Interpretation (FoI) for ccTLD Delegations and Redelegations
  • March 2016 ICANN Meeting Venue Contracting
  • October 2016 ICANN Meeting Venue Contracting
  • Approval of Payment of Certain CWG-Stewardship Related Legal Costs
  • Thank you to Departing Community Members
  • Thank You to Sponsors of ICANN 53 Meeting
  • Thank You to Interpreters, Staff, Event & Hotel Teams of ICANN 53 Meeting
  • Thank You to Local Hosts of ICANN 53 Meeting

Main Agenda

  • String Similarity Review Assessment – IDN ccTLD Applications
  • FY16 Operating Plan and Budget
  • AOB
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."