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Patrick L. Jones

Senior Director, Global Stakeholder Engagement

United States

Forum Profile

Biography

As an advocate for the Multistakeholder Internet governance model, Patrick takes a leading role in stakeholder engagement with the security and technical communities worldwide. He is a member of the Executive team and serves as a liaison between the Global Stakeholder Engagement team and the Security, Stability and Resiliency Coordination team. He also leads the GSE team's annual budget and coordinates operational alignment of global engagement activities across the regions.

Patrick joined in March 2006 and has been active in Internet governance, policy, technology/security and privacy areas since 2000. Patrick previously served in the Security team from November 2009-October 2013, and ICANN's Registry team from 2006-2009. He is a graduate of Indiana University McKinney School of Law and is developing conversational fluency in Spanish.

Patrick is an invited participant from ICANN staff in the Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) and represents ICANN at the UN Group of Experts on Geographic Names (UNGEGN). He has spoken at various events including the 2013 IGF in Bali, Indonesia, and the 2014 Regional IGF in Baku, Azerbaijan.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."