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Harold Arcos

Presidente Internauta Venezuela

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

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Biography

Comunicador Social. Investigador en el área de las TIC. Sociedad de la Comunicación. Desafíos para las Sociedades Futuras. Miembro del Centro de Investigación de la Internet de la Asociación de Usuarios Latinoamericanos. Miembro Asesor del Programa Nacional de Formación en Comunicación Social y Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación de Venezuela.

Communication Researcher. Researcher in the area of ICT. Communication Society. Challenges for Future Societies. Member of the Research Center of the Internet of the Association of Latin American End Users. Advisory-Member of the National Training Program in Communications and Information Technology and Communication of Venezuela.

Comunicador Social. Pesquisador na área das TIC. Sociedade Comunicação. Desafios para a Sociedade do Futuro. Membro do Centro de Pesquisa da Internet da Associação dos usuários latino-americanos.
Membro Consultivo do Programa Nacional de Capacitação em Comunicação e Tecnologia da Informação e Comunicação da Venezuela.

Communication Research. Onderzoeker op het gebied van ICT. Communication Society. Uitdagingen voor de toekomst Societies. Lid van de Research Center van het internet van de Vereniging van Latijns-Amerikaanse leden. Advies lid van de National Training Program in Communicatie en Informatietechnologie en Communicatie van Venezuela.

Kominikasyon Rechèch. Chèchè nan zòn nan nan ICT. Kominikasyon Society ou. Defi pou tan kap vini Sosyete. Manm nan Sant lan Rechèch nan entènèt la yo nan Asosyasyon an nan manm Amerik Latin. Manm Konsiltatif nan Pwogram Fòmasyon Nasyonal nan Kominikasyon ak Teknoloji Enfòmasyon ak Kominikasyon nan Venezyela.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."