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David Olive

SVP, Policy Development Support & Managing Director - Istanbul Office

Turkey

Forum Profile

Biography

David Olive joined ICANN in February 2010 to lead its Policy Development Support team following 20 years as a corporate executive and leader in ICT public policy formation. ICANN coordinates the Internet domain name system (DNS) to ensure that the Internet is secure, stable and interoperable for all users around the world.

Prior to joining, David completed a 20-year career at Fujitsu Limited, a leading provider of ICT-based business solutions for the global marketplace, where he most recently served in the company’s Washington office as General Manager and Chief Corporate Representative. He advised Fujitsu on business planning, corporate and business development, and public policy issues affecting information technology, the Internet, electronic commerce, electronic government, telecommunications, and science and technology.

David has been active in a number of technology-oriented organizations. He was a member of the Commercial Board of Directors of TechAmerica, a leading voice for the U.S. technology industry, and served on the Board of Directors of the Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA) in Washington, D.C.

He also works with many global business groups, including the Global Information Infrastructure Commission (GIIC), the U.S.-Japan Business Council, and the International Chamber of Commerce. David served for many years as the Public Policy Chairman for the World Information Technology and Services Alliance (WITSA), a consortium of over 70 information technology industry associations from economies around the world. He was an active business representative to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) Technical Advisory Group on Taxation and Electronic Commerce, the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), and the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) conferences.

Prior to his term at Fujitsu, he had a distinguished career as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer specializing in trade, investment and technology policy. He was awarded the U.S. State Department’s Meritorious Honor Award for distinguished service.

David attended undergraduate studies at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies and Princeton University. He has attended an Executive Leadership Program with the Harvard Kennedy School of Government and Kadar Has University in Istanbul.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."