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Carlos Alvarez

Security Engagement (SSR Technical), Sr. Manager

United States

Forum Profile

Biography

Carlos’s work is currently focused on helping the Internet community address abuse of Domain Name System resources, by:

-- Providing subject matter expertise on contractual and policy matters with potential anti-abuse and consumer protection implications.
-- Trust-based collaboration with worldwide cyber law enforcement and the operational security community.
-- Capability building, via training law enforcement and other constituents involved in the operation or the security of the Internet identifiers.

He served in the past in ICANN's Contractual Compliance Team where he managed the team responsible for processing all registrar-related complaints worldwide. He also provided key subject matter expert advice and guidance to ICANN's Contractual Compliance Audit Program and to the gTLD registry-related work of the Compliance Team.

Prior to joining ICANN, Carlos participated in the International Attorneys Program at Holland & Knight in Miami and served as the head of the Legal & Business Affairs Division at Sony Music for Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru. While in this position he was a member of the Andean legal committee of the IFPI (International Federation of the Phonographic Industry).

He was a pioneer in Latin America in matters related to software anti-piracy, information security from a legal perspective and cyber crime, initially through his work with the local law firm of the Business Software Alliance in Colombia since 1998. His articles on piracy and terrorism, cyber crime, botnets, digital evidence, criminal aspects related to the use of honeypots, legal aspects of information security standards, the Budapest Convention, and other related matters have been published in Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Mexico and Spain. He taught computer law, legal aspects of information security and intellectual property in two universities in Bogota and has lectured before many different audiences in the Americas, Europe and Asia, from students to c-level executives, as well as government representatives, regulators, law enforcement, and military and intelligence personnel.

He maintains working relationships with law enforcement cyber units from different countries and while still living in Bogota was a member of the local Electronic Commerce Subcommittee of the International Chamber of Commerce. Carlos is a Co-Chair of the Messaging, Malware and Mobile Anti Abuse Working Group (M3AAWG)'s Anti-Phishing Special Interest Group.

Carlos is an attorney graduated from the Universidad de los Andes in Bogota. He holds a Master of Laws degree from the University of Southern California Gould School of Law, has studies on networking with TCP/IP from UCLA and is a Certified Fraud Examiner.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."