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Amy Bivins

Registrar Services & Engagement Sr Manager

United States

Forum Profile


Amy joined ICANN's Registrar Services team in January 2014. She is based in ICANN's Washington, D.C. office.

Prior to joining ICANN, Amy covered ICANN as a legal journalist with Bloomberg BNA. Amy received her JD from American University, Washington College of Law and her BS from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.


    Registrar Policy Services Manager - Internet

    01 January 2014 - Present

  • Bloomberg BNA

    Senior Legal Editor - Internet

    Senior Legal Editor for Bloomberg BNA, Electronic Commerce & Law Report

    01 September 2007 - 01 January 2014

  • Whitman Walker Clinic

    Law Clerk - Legal Services

    Law Clerk

    01 May 2006 - 01 May 2007

  • SLDN

    Law Fellow - Legal Services

    01 January 2006 - 01 January 2006

  • 01cefc1

    Human Rights Campaign

    McCleary Law Fellow - Legal Services

    01 January 2005 - 01 January 2005

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."