Skip to main content
Profile image for Aabern

Aabern

CTO

France

Forum Profile

Biography

Passionné par l'univers des FinTech et plus particulièrement des problématiques d'accès au crédit, mon axe de recherche s'articule autour des prêts entre particuliers et du financement des TPE/PME.
Obtenir un crédit est une mission ni facile, ni rapide. Pour aider les consommateurs à obtenir un prêt (conso, auto ou personnel) au meilleur taux et surtout dans les meilleures conditions, nous avons lancé le site LeCreditRapide.fr
Les questions techniques liées à la mise en place d'un site internet nous ont permis de nous familiariser avec l'univers des noms de domaine et de connaître un peu mieux les travaux de l'ICANN.

Report Profile
0/140 characters
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."