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Pamela McNeff Smith

Review Support and Accountability Senior Coordinator

United States of America


Pamela McNeff Smith works at ICANN as the Coordinator & Executive Assistant for the Multistakeholder Strategy & Strategic Initiatives (MSSI) Department, She joined ICANN in 2015 after an 8-year stint at the University of Southern California, working with the Brain and Creativity Institute as an Executive Assistant to the directors and Department Coordinator for a pack of scientists studying the brain and emotion. Interestingly, that comes in handy at ICANN. Pamela has an undergraduate degree in Spanish Language and Literature from Southern Methodist University, and a Master';s degree in Business from the Thunderbird School of Global Management. A lifetime of broad experience including advertising, retail management, product development and management, event planning informs her current work. The more skills, the merrier, and Pamela uses all of them in her current role. She really enjoys the uniqueness of the "unicorn" that is ICANN - it's a completely unique place to be.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."